The European Central Bank stated in its annual report released on Tuesday that given the disparity in regional crypto regulations, bank requests for crypto licences need to be made more consistently. They stated that, “National frameworks governing crypto-assets vary quite significantly,” and that they are “ taking steps to harmonise the assessment of licensing requests involving crypto-assets.”
A key instrument for achieving the objectives of preserving financial stability, safeguarding consumers, obstructing illegal financial networks, and boosting financial compliance is the European Union’s licensing mechanism for the use and regulation of cryptocurrencies. The European Central Bank believes that these licensing processes are highly inconsistent, though, based on the most recent information.
In order to receive a crypto currency licence in the European Union, crypto firms must now adhere to the licensing process by submitting an application to national authorities. The licensing process established by the European Union aids member states in coordinating their legislation on the usage and regulation of cryptocurrencies and ensures that European regulations for cryptocurrencies are implemented in an orderly fashion.
Cryptocurrency exchanges are expected to follow the licensing procedure determined by the relevant regulatory bodies. Exchanges need to obtain a licence and comply with certain regulations. They must perform certain checks to verify the identities of their customers and protect customer assets. The Anti-Money Laundering (AML) and Counter-Terrorism (CFT) Policy are used to detect and report potentially suspicious activities related to transactions carried out on exchanges.
The majority of applications for crypto-driven banks came from Germany due to legal restrictions, while one came from Luxembourg, according to the ECB. While national regulators, like Germany’s BaFin, are in charge of keeping an eye on smaller banks located inside their borders, the ECB has the final say on whether to issue or revoke a licence.
Such banks with a focus on technology are making a lot of licensing requests, and the supervisor wants to exert more control over a disjointed system. Cryptocurrency exchanges are thus required to comply with these certain requirements, to support the goals of the European Union.