The Central Reserve Bank of Peru (CRBP) has released a document that it claims will be the first in a series looking into the necessity, structure, and timing of a Peruvian central bank digital currency. The report shows how adopting CBDC in the payment system will benefit the population as more than half of the population is underbanked. It also might aid in lowering transaction costs, and expanding access to digital payments.
About 79% of the unbanked population, who make up three-quarters of the population, do not have any savings. They virtually all have informal jobs and mostly reside in metropolitan areas. The usage of virtual payments has increased five times from what it was in 2015.
On the goals of this adoption, the report states, “The objective of a CBDC within the framework of the payment system in Peru is to give the unbanked population access to digital payments, so it is important to know their characteristics to prepare an implementation strategy.” Issues related to retail CBDC are addressed in the report.
The first of five processes in the prospective development of a CBDC was completed with the release of the document. The technology-neutral company offers advice on central banking, digital finance, and the Web3 sector. A 25-question survey for prospective users was also posted by the CBRP and is due by the end of this month.
John Kiff, the research director at the Sovereign Official Digital Association (SODA) and ex-IMF section expert addresses the issues relating to a retail CBDC. While Kiff believes that the CBDC is a great addition for the financial industry, he also acknowledged the challenges by saying that it needs to be addressed and “the potential benefits of CBDCs in retail trade and e-commerce make them a compelling option for central banks around the world.”
As seen by nations like Russia, Japan, Thailand, Australia, South Korea, Sweden, and India, who have all expressed interest in creating a CBDC, the potential advantages of the central digital currency in retail trade and e-commerce make them a tempting choice for central banks throughout the world. Such adoptions will improve the states of many countries including Peru to find financial stability in their economy.